A recent study was conducted at LongViewAnimalNutritionCenter (Gray Summit, MO) to evaluate gel feed supplementation on performance of newly weaned pigs. Treatments consisted of pigs receiving gel or no gel.  Pigs receiving gel were fed only gel the first two days after weaning, 1 lb of gel mixed with 0.5 lb of pelleted feed on days 3 and 4, and 1 lb of gel mixed with 1 lb of pelleted feed on days 5-7.  All gel or gel mixtures were provided ad libitum in a creep feeder (pellets were also offered in a regular feeder) and checked 2-3 times per day.  Gel and no gel pigs received common diets throughout the nursery period (day 0-36 after weaning). 

Feeding gel for 7 days after weaning resulted in pigs eating 48.4% more feed and gaining 14.1% faster (when compared to pigs not receiving gel; Table 1). Moreover, gel fed pigs were 0.5 lb heavier at the end of the 7 day period. Pigs supplemented with gel ate 8.0% more feed and gained 5.3% faster during the overall nursery period (d 0-36) leading to 2.0 lb heavier pigs at the end of the nursery period.     

Table 1.  Beneficial Effect of Feeding Gel After Weaning on Average Daily Gain (ADG), Average Daily Feed Intake (ADFI), Feed:Gain and Body Weight Gain.

Treatment

No Gel

Gel

Improvement

No. of Pigs

50

50

Removal & Mortality

0

0

Phase 1 (d 0-7)

ADG, lb

0.523d

0.597de

14.1 %

ADFI, lb

0.486b

0.721c

48.4 %

Feed:gain

0.94b

1.23c

Overall (d 0-36)

ADG, lb

1.13

1.19

5.3%

ADFI, lb

1.38

1.49

8.0%

Feed:gain

1.22b

1.26c

Pig Wt, lb

Initial

14.62

14.62

Day 7

18.3d

18.8de

+0.5 lb

Day 36

55.3

57.3

+2.0 lb

aValues are means of 10 pens of five pigs each
bcMeans in the same row with different superscript differ P deMeans in the same row with different superscript differ P £ 0.10

How does nursery performance transfer into the finishing barn?

Studies have shown that for every 2 lb increase in weight obtained in the nursery, weight at 20 weeks (first pull) increases by 14 lb as well as one week earlier to slaughter weight. 

How does increasing nursery weight by 2 lb impact bottom line? 

Our study shows that feeding pigs gel during the first week after weaning results in 2 lb heavier pigs as they exit the nursery phase. This could result in gel fed pigs weighing at least 14 lb heavier at first pull and exiting one week earlier.

Example of the Benefit of Increased Weight:

  • Additional 14.0 lb at end of finishing could give an extra $8.28 (14 lb x $0.592/lb)
  • Subtract the cost of gel consumed during the first week of weaning (0.35 lb/hd/d x 7 days = 2.66 lbs total x $0.70 per lb gel  = $1.86/pig total cost of gel for 7 days)
  • Potential Additional Income of $6.42 per pig ($8.28 - $1.86 = $6.42) for Increasing Weaning Weight (1000 hd barn increase bottom line by $6,420)
  • Based on May 2008 hog and feed prices, Source - DTN.

Example of the Benefit of Exiting One Week Earlier:

  • 6 lb of feed per pig x -7 days = -42 lb per pig for 7 days
  • Cost of Finishing Diet = $230 per ton or $0.115 per lb
  • 42 lb per pig for 7 days x $0.115 per lb = $4.83
  • Potential Reduction in Feed Cost for Pigs Exiting 7 days Earlier = $ 4.83 per pig (1000 hd barn; reduction in feed cost = $4,830)
  • Based on May 2008 hog and feed prices, Source - DTN.

Furthermore, pig variation was reduced with the use of gel at the end of the nursery which would reduce pig variation in grow-out resulting in more full value pigs.     

How does reducing variation impact bottom line?

Look at what happens 125 days later to pigs in the finishing barn (Table 2).

Table 2.  Initial and Market Weights of Small Pigs Fed Gel or No Gel.

Small Pig, No Gel

35

211

Small Pig, Fed Gel

37

225

NOTE:  The 2 lb spread has now gone to > 14 lb at the end of finishing.

What’s the potential financial impact of feeding gel on the bottom line (Table 3)?

Table 3.  Value per Head of Feeding Small Pigs Gel.

Small Pig, No Gel

211

$53.20

$112.25

Small Pig, Fed Gel

225

$59.20

$133.20

$20.95

In this case, for every small pig pushed into a desirable weight category, producers could gain $20.95 per head.

Conclusion: Gel is a unique concept in swine nutrition!  Its moisture content and natural intake enhancers are designed to encourage intake, prevent dehydration and improve intestinal health during times of stress such as weaning. These data demonstrate that feeding gel for a week after weaning improves intake and gains resulting in heavier, more uniform pigs at the end of the nursery leading to heavier, more uniform pigs in grow-finish and thus increasing economic return.

For further information, please see your local feed sales representative at a Land O’Lakes Feed Co-op or Purina Mills Dealer. Visit us online at www.GelResearch.com, www.LOLFeed.com, www.PurinaMills.com and www.PurinaPigStarters.com,

Due to factors outside of Land O’Lakes Purina Feed’s control and because of  market uncertainties, individual results to be obtained, including but not limited to financial performance, profits, losses or otherwise, cannot be predicted or guaranteed by Land O’Lakes Purina Feed.

Copyright © 2008 Land O’Lakes Purina Feed LLC. All rights reserved.