With the ever-increasing threat of pathogen introduction into a swine production facility, your biosecurity plan is a crucial element to minimize risk of disease. Biosecurity risks are unique to each farm and the best plans are developed by working with a swine veterinarian who has extensive knowledge of the farm, workers and local risk factors.
Biosecurity is made up of three separate but often blended sets of actions, according to Don Levis, swine Extension specialist, University of Nebraska and Rodney “Butch” Baker, DVM, Iowa State University. These are bio-exclusion, bio-containment and bio-management. Often, pork production personnel neglect bio-containment, or preventing the spread of disease agents to neighbors.
If a foreign animal disease is introduced into the United States, bio-containment is the most important strategy to be implemented, according to the researchers.
The two researchers have developed an extensive swine production biosecurity publication detailing critical areas that must be addressed when developing farm biosecurity protocols. The document covers a multitude of priorities required for maintaining effective biosecurity, such as:
-location of farm (and presence of other nearby swine farms)
-how swine diseases are spread
-bringing in replacement animals
-isolation of new pig arrivals
-controlling visitor access
-feed delivery and storage
-hygiene and sanitation of buildings
-rodent and bird control
-plus many others
The publication also covers the basics of Danish entrance systems, biosecurity risks associated with farm machinery as well as composting and rendering priorities. In addition, the publication discusses the threat of wild pig populations and the diseases they carry that can be transmitted to commercial pigs.
Losses due to just one breach of biosecurity can be devastating to a herd’s health status as well as an operation’s financial standing. Reviewing your biosecurity program is a crucial step for all systems.
To access the publication, click here.
Source: University of Nebraska