USDA's December Hogs and Pigs Report shows significant gains in hog numbers across the report's various categories from December 2006 levels. The report, released today by the National Agricultural Statistics Service was conducted on Dec. 1, 2007.

                                                                               

Looking at the specific categories reveals that the U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on Dec. 1, was 65.1 million head, up 4 percent from December 2006, but down 1 percent from last September's report.

                                                                               

Breeding inventory, at 6.16 million head, was up 1 percent from last year, and up slightly from the previous quarter.  Market hog inventory, at 59 million head, was up 5 percent from last year, but down 1 percent from September. 

                                                                               

The September/November pig crop, at 28 million head, was up 4 percent  from 2006 and up 7 percent from 2005.  Sows farrowing during that period totaled 3.03 million head, up 3 percent from 2006 and 4 percent higher than in 2005.  The sows farrowed during fourth quarter 2007 represented 49 percent of the breeding herd. 

 

The average number of pigs saved per litter was 9.24 for the September/November period. That compares to 9.11 pigs last year.  Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.40 for operations with 1 to 99 hogs/pigs to 9.30 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs/pigs.

                                                                               

Looking ahead, U.S. pork producers intend to have 2.98 million sows farrow during the December 2007-February 2008 period, up 2 percent from the actual farrowings for that same period a year ago. Intended farrowings for March/May 2008, at 3.04  million sows, are up slightly from 2007 and 4 percent higher than in 2006.

                                                                               

The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with more than 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 39 percent of the total U.S. hog inventory, up from 38 percent last year.

                                                                               

ARS made some revisions to the June and September 2007 inventories.                                                                               



All inventory and pig crop estimates for March 2006 through September 2007 were reviewed using final pig crop, official slaughter, death loss, and updated import and export data.  Based on the findings of this review, adjustments of less than 2 percent were made to the June 2007 and September 2007 total inventory.  An adjustment of less than 3 percent was made to the March/May 2007 pig crop while an adjustment of slightly more than 0.5 percent was made to the June/August 2007 pig crop.

 

For a complete look at the numbers, follow this link.

                                                                               

USDA December Hogs & Pigs Report
Category 2006 2007 Percent Change
 
1,000 head
 
Dec. 1 Inventory      
All Hogs and Pigs  62,490        65,110   104 
Kept for Breeding        6,087      6,157  101
Market Hogs            56,402  58,953 105
       
Market Hogs and Pigs 

by Weight Groups                                                          
     
Under 60 Pounds        20,462   21,364    104 
60-119 Pounds           13,928        14,459  104 
120-179 Pounds          11,275   11,737 104 
180 Pounds and Over  10,738  11,394  106
1/  May not add due to rounding.    





Farrowings and Farrowing Intentions: 


2006 2007 2008 Percent Change
1,000 head
Sows Farrowing:  
Dec-Feb* 2,841  2,905 2,976   102   102
Mar-May*  2,927 3,033  3,037   104 100
Jun-Aug   2,912    2,993   103
Sep-Nov  2,949 3,029     103
May not add due to rounding.

* Intentions for 2008. 
               


Pig Crop: 2006 2007 Percent Change
(1,000 head)
Dec-Feb*   25,662      26,396 103       
Mar-May   26,580   27,896  105
Jun-Aug 26,519   27,646    104
Sep-Nov         26,857  27,998  104
May not add due to rounding.

* Intentions for 2008.


Pig Per Litter: 2006 2007 (2008)* Percent Change
(1,000 head)
Dec-Feb*   9.03      9.09     102
Mar-May   9.08  9.20  100
Jun-Aug 9.11      9.24
Sep-Nov         9.11      9.24
May not add due to rounding.

* Intentions for 2008.

Source: USDA