USDA released its June Hogs and Pigs Report today, showing a 2 percent increase in the number of all hogs and pigs on USDA farms as of June 1, 2007 versus June 1, 2006 as well as March 1, 2007. The total number of animals was 62.8 million head.

The breeding inventory came in at 6.12 million head, up 1 percent from last year, and 2 percent from the March report. Market hog inventory, at 56.6 million head, also was up 2 percent from last year and last quarter.

The March/May 2007 pig crop is reported at 27.1 million head, up 2 percent from 2006 and 4 percent higher than in 2005. Sows farrowing during that period totaled 2.97 million head, up 1 percent from 2006 and 3 percent more than in 2005. Those sows represented 49 percent of the U.S. breeding herd. 

The average pigs saved per litter was 9.15 for the March/May 2007 period, which is a record for the June report. That compares to 9.08 pigs last June. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.60 for operations with 1 to 99 hogs and pigs to 9.20 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

U.S. pork producers intend to farrow 2.96 million sows during the June/August 2007 quarter. That’s a 2 percent increase from the actual farrowings in 2006, and up 1 percent from 2005.  Intended farrowings for September/November 2007, at 2.96 million sows, are up slightly from 2006 and up 2 percent from 2005.

The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with more than 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 39 percent of the total U.S. hog inventory, up from 38 percent last
year.

 

Hogs and Pigs: Inventory Number by Class, Weight Group

 
1,000 head
  2006  2007 2007 as % of 2006
June 1 Inventory      
All Hogs and Pigs 61,687 62,750 102
Kept for Breeding   6,060 6,116 101
Market Hogs 55,627 56,634 102
       
Market Hogs and Pigs : by Weight Groups      
Under 60 Pounds 20,808 21,182 102
60-119 Pounds 13,692 13,894 101
120-179 Pounds 11,485 11,624 101
180 Pounds and Over 9,643 9,934 103

Farrowings: Number of Sows, Pig Crop, and Pigs per Litter

 
1,000 head
  2006  2007 2007 as % of 2006
Sows Farrowing      
Dec-Feb 2/ 2,840 2,885 102
Mar-May   2,927 2,966 101
Dec-May 2/ 5,767 5,851 101
       
Jun-Aug 3/ 2,912  2,958 102
Sep-Nov 3/ 2,949 2,960 100
1Jun-Nov 3/ 15,862 15,918 101
       
Pig Crop      
Dec-Feb 2/ 125,661 126,210 102
Mar-May 126,579 127,141 102
Dec-May 2/ 152,240 53,351 102
       
 
Number
Percent
Pigs per Litter      
1 Dec-Feb 2/ 19.03 19.09 101
1Mar-May 19.08 19.15 101
1Dec-May 2/ 19.06 19.12 101

1/ May not add due to rounding.
2/ December preceding year.
3/ Intentions for 2007.

To view the full report, follow this link.

Source: USDA