U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on Sept. 1, 2006 was 62.7
million head. This was up 1 percent from Sept. 1, 2005 and up
2 percent from June 1, 2006.
Breeding inventory, at 6.08 million head, was up 2 percent from
last year and up slightly from the previous quarter. Market hog
inventory, at 56.6 million head, was up 1 percent from last year
and up 2 percent from last quarter.
The June/August 2006 pig crop, at 26.7 million head, was up 1
percent from 2005 and up 2 percent from 2004. Sows farrowing
during this period totaled 2.92 million head, up slightly from 2005
and up 1 percent from 2004. The sows farrowed during this quarter
represented 48 percent of the breeding herd. The average number of pigs
saved per litter was 9.14 for the June/August 2006 period,
compared to 9.06 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of
operation ranged from 7.70 for operations with 1 to 99 hogs and pigs
to 9.20 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs produced annually.
U.S. pork producers intend to farrow 2.92 million sows during
the September/November 2006 quarter, up 1 percent from actual
farrowings in both 2005 and 2004. Intended farrowings for December
2006/February 2007, at 2.90 million sows, are up 2 percent from
both 2006 and 2005.
Total number of hogs under contract, owned by operations with
more than 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 39
percent of the total U.S. hog inventory, unchanged from last year.
All inventory and pig crop estimates for September 2005 through
June 2006 were reviewed using final pig crop, official slaughter,
death loss, and updated import and export data. Based on the
findings of this review, a small adjustment of less than one-half
of one percent was made to the March 2006 inventory along with an
adjustment of slightly larger than one-half of one percent to the
June 2006 total inventory.