U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on June 1, 2009 was 66.1 million head. This was down 2 percent from June 1, 2008 but up 1 percent from March 1, 2009. 
                                                                               
Breeding inventory, at 5.97 million head, was down 3 percent from last year and down slightly from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 60.1 million head, was down 2 percent from last year but up 1 percent from last quarter.
                                                                               
The March-May 2009 pig crop, at 28.5 million head, was down slightly from 2008 but up 2 percent from 2007. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.97 million head, down 3 percent from 2008 and down 2 percent from 2007. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 50 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was a record high 9.61 for the March-May 2009 period, compared to 9.38 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.40 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 9.70 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.
                                                                               
U.S. hog producers intend to have 2.97 million sows farrow during the June-August 2009 quarter, down 3 percent from the actual farrowings during the same period in 2008 and down 5 percent from 2007. Intended farrowings for September-November 2009, at 2.96 million sows, are down 2 percent from 2008 and down 7 percent from 2007.
                                                                               
The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 46 percent of the total U.S. hog inventory, up from 41 percent last year.

Hogs and Pigs:  Inventory June 1, 2009
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                                                2008      2009      2009 as % of 2008
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                                  ----- (Million Head) -----       
March 1 Inventory      
  All Hogs and Pigs              67.4         66.1             98%
  Kept for Breeding               6.1           5.97              97%
  Market Hogs                       61.3          60.1             98%
                       
Market Hogs and Pigs 
  by Weight Groups    
    Under 60 Pounds           22.2        21.7                 98%
    60-119 Pounds               15.3        15.0                 98%
    120-179 Pounds             12.9        12.6                 98%
    180 Pounds and Over    10.9        10.9                100%
                        :
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Farrowings and Farrowing Intentions
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                                            2008     2009    2009 as % of 2008
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                                    ------------ (Million Head)------------    
               
Sows Farrowing
  March-May.:                       3.05      2.97                  97%   
  June-Aug *                         3.07      2.97                  97%    
  Sept-Nov.*                         3.02       2.96                  98%

*Farrowing intentions.

See the complete USDA June 2009 Hogs and Pigs Report,  

Source: USDA