USDA released its December Hogs & Pigs Report today, showing declines across many categories. The numbers reflect herd status as of Dec. 1, and reports the U.S. breeding herd at 6.08 million head, down 2 percent from 2007’s level, but up slightly from the previous quarter.  Market hog inventory, at 60.6 million head, was down 2 percent from both last year and last quarter. The inventory of all hogs and pigs at 66.7 million head also presented a 2 percent decline from 2007, as well as from third-quarter 2008 numbers.

                                                                               

The September/November pig crop came in at 28.4 million head, which was 4 percent less than in 2007, but 6 percent higher compared to 2006.  Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.99 million head. That’s down 6 percent from 2007 but up 1 percent from 2006.  Sows farrowed during the fourth quarter represented 49 percent of the U.S. breeding herd. 

The average pigs saved per litter for the September/November 2008 period was 9.50 head, compared to 9.28 last year.  Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.50 for operations with   1 to 99 hogs and pigs to 9.60 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

                                                                               

U.S. pork producers intend to have 2.97 million sows farrow during the December 2008/February 2009 period. That’s down 3 percent from the actual farrowings during the same period last year, but up 2 percent from the comparable 2006/2007 period.  Intended farrowings for March/May 2009, at 3.01 million sows, are down 2 percent from 2008 and down 1 percent from 2007 levels.

The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with more than 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 43 percent of the total U.S. hog inventory, up from 39 percent last year.

                                                                               

USDA did issue the following revisions in the December 2008 report:                        

All inventory and pig crop estimates for March 2007 through September 2008 were reviewed using slaughter, death loss and current import and export data. 



Based on this review, adjustments of less than 0.5 percent were made to the June 2008 total hog/pig inventory and the March/May 2007 pig crop.  An adjustment of less than 2 percent was made to the March/May 2008 pig crop while an adjustment of less than 1 percent was made to the September 2008 total hog/pig inventory.

Hogs and Pigs:  Inventory December 1, 2008


  2007 2008 2008

as % of 2007
(Million Head)
December 1 Inventory      
All Hogs and Pigs     68.18      66.71         
Kept for Breeding   6.23        6.08         98%
Market Hogs              61.94      60.63        98%
       
Market Hogs and Pigs by Weight Groups           
Under 60 Pounds       22.55    21.30        94%
60-119 Pounds         15.17      15.10        99%
120-179 Pounds        12.66     12.72        100%
180 Pounds and Over    11.57      11.52          100%




  2007 2008 2008

as % of 2007
(Million Head)
Sows Farrowing      
Sept.-Nov.  3.18 2.99 94%


  2008 2009 2009

as % of 2008
(Million Head)
Dec-Feb.*  3.07     2.97         97%
March-May* 3.06     3.01         98%    

 

*Farrowing intentions.

To view the complete USDA December 2008 Hogs & Pigs Report, click here.

Source: USDA