The European Food Safety Authority and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control have released a report on antimicrobial resistance among zoonotic and indicator bacteria submitted by 25 European Union Member States.

This report covers antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella and Campylobacter isolates from humans, food and animals, and in indicator E. coli and enterococci isolates from animals and food.

The report documents high resistance levels to ampicillin, tetracyclines and sulfonamides in Salmonella isolates from human cases, while resistance to third-generation cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones, both critically important antimicrobial groups for human medicine, remained low.
The report shows Campylobacter in animals exhibited high levels of resistance to ciprofloxacin. This was the case for chickens (46 percent in Campylobacter jejuni and 78 percent in the Campylobacter coli) and also pigs (50 percent in Campylobacter coli).

For Salmonella, high levels of resistance were recorded for ampicillin, tetracycline and sulfonamides in pigs and pork (47 to 60 percent), cattle (37 to 40 percent) and chicken (27 to 33 percent). A moderate level of resistance to ciprofloxacin was recorded in chickens (around 20 percent).

Non-disease causing E. coli showed high levels of resistance to tetracycline, ampicillin and sulphonamide in pigs and chicken; and E. coli was found to be resistant to ciprofloxacin in chicken (47 percent) and also in pigs (12 percent). The occurrence of third-generation cephalosporin resistance was still low.

Read the full report.

Source: The