As part of continued attempts to reduce gasoline consumption, the Biomass Research and Development Initiative released a report on the economic feasibility of developing both farm- and forest-derived biofuel feedstocks.

The Biomass Research and Development Board is a partnership between the U.S. Department of Energy and USDA to meet national targets for biofuels to reduce U.S. gasoline consumption. In his 2007 State of the Union address, President Bush announced the “20 by 10” goal to cut U.S. gasoline consumption by 20 percent in 10 years.

In December 2007, the Energy Independence and Security Act set a renewable fuel standard of 36 billion gallons of biofuels for 2022, of which 21 billion gallons are to come from “advanced fuels.” The most recent report from BRDI addresses the uncertainty surrounding the use of additional feedstocks to meet the nation’s biofuels goals — namely, what types of feedstocks and at what prices, where would they be grown and with what implications for greenhouse gases and sustainability.

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