WASHINGTON (AP) - A Homeland Security Department plan to move foot-and-mouth disease research from an island off New York to Kansas is a "foolish tempting of fate," the head of a House oversight panel says.

Rep. Bart Stupak (D-Mich.) issued his criticism as the Homeland Security Department defended its plan to build a more than $500 million animal disease lab in Manhattan, Kan.

Stupak and fellow Michigan Democratic Rep. John Dingell, former Energy and Commerce Committee chairman, raised concerns last year about the planned research move. They repeated their concerns last week as the Government Accounting Office officially issued a report critical of the Homeland Security Department's plan.

"Moving contagious animal research to the heart of America's livestock industry remains a foolish tempting of fate," says Stupak, chairman of the Energy and Commerce Committee's oversight and investigations committee.

Foot-and-mouth disease, which affects cattle, swine and other hoofed animals, was eradicated from the United States in 1929. Research on the disease has been kept off the mainland since then.

GAO's findings could slow construction of the National Bio and Agro-Defense Facility, scheduled forgroundbreaking next year.

The House and Senate passed homeland security spending bills that require more study on the risks of moving the research.

The House bill withholds building money until an independent study is done. A final bill must be negotiated in a Senate/House conference committee.

"The new GAO report concludes that the evidence DHS used in its environmental-impact statement had severe limitations. After two hearings and three years, we still don't know if it is safe to conduct foot-and-mouth disease research on the mainland," Dingell notes.

GAO said the homeland security department used an improper computer model to look at the dispersion risk if an accidental release occurred. It also said DHS did not include market response to an outbreak in its economic analysis, among other things.

DHS countered that GAO failed to show whether using other methods to study the risks of accidental release would have yielded different results.

"There are significant benefits to constructing the NBAF on the mainland, including rapid diagnosis and response to possible foreign animal disease outbreaks," says Bradley Buswell, DHS's acting undersecretary for science and technology.

The department also criticized GAO for focusing on whether the research can be done as safely on the mainland as on Plum Island, instead of whether it can be done safely on the mainland.

Also, DHS said modern biocontainment technology allows the research to be done on the mainland.

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