Canadian livestock producers may be facing new medication animal feed regulations this year. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency has been working with livestock and feed industries for the last seven years to develop the rules.

The CFIA regulations don’t spell out specific guidelines on scales or mixing equipment, although these items will be addressed in a more specific procedure manual.

The regulations are being tested this spring at three locations, with results expected by the first week of April.

Health Canada is responsible for approving new veterinary drugs and supplements, while CFIA is in charge of verifying and monitoring products, according to The Western Producer.

CFIA has the power to remove products that violate the regulations. It also monitors “off label” use, such as giving drugs to species not specified on the label or giving dosages different from label instructions. The government contends the regulations are meant to protect animal and human health.

Once the rules are approved, manufacturers will have a three-year phase-in period to comply: feed mills will have to be licensed in the first year; farms that use concentrated drugs in the second year; and farms that use pre-mixed feed and supplements in the third year.
Feed manufacturing standards under the plan include:

  • Collected dust, reworked product, returns and recalls that are contaminated by drugs must be disposed of or used only in feed containing the same drug.
  • Feed must be made by sequential production unless equipment is cleaned or flushed between batches of feed.
  • An inventory must be kept of medicating ingredients and medicated feeds used to make other feeds. A lot number o r date of manufacture must identify all lots off feed for sale.
  • If an operator discovers a discrepancy with medicating ingredients or suspects contamination, the operator must stop selling the product, promptly investigate and take corrective measures.