A recent decision by USDA to scrap National Animal Identification System could seriously hinder U.S. veterinarians' ability to track diseased animals and prevent the spread of those diseases -- diseases that could spread to humans and cost U.S. farmers millions of dollars.
That's the message that Ron DeHaven, DVM, chief executive officer of the American Veterinary Medical Association and former head of the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, delivers in a new video which can be viewed on AVMA’s Web site and YouTube. "I have a number of concerns," DeHaven says in the video.
Last month, the USDA announced that it was going to scrap the eight years of work and $120 million it poured into creation of the NAIS. Instead, the USDA announced it will restart the process and begin developing a new state-based animal identification system.
"By having an animal ID program in place, we can more quickly contain and eliminate disease. Doing so not only minimizes the economic impact, but by minimizing the number of animals affected, we reduce animal suffering," DeHaven says in the video. "In the case of zoonotic diseases -- diseases that can spread from animals to humans - we reduce the potential that the disease will spread to humans."
DeHaven says that one of the biggest problems with this announcement is that there will be no animal ID system during this new development period, which could take years. DeHaven is also critical of the USDA announcement that cattle branding -- an outdated form of theft deterrent -- will be an acceptable form of animal identification in the new system. "It's hard for me to imagine how this ancient technology will fit into a modern, interstate system to trace animals," DeHaven says.
As opposed to NAIS, which is a national program, the new system will be administered by individual states and tribal nations. Each state and tribal nation will be allowed to use its own system of identification.
"Will these systems developed by individual states and tribal nations be compatible with each other?" DeHaven asks in the video. "Will we actually be able to trace animals as they move from state to state with different systems in each state or tribal nation?"