R-Calf USA has sent a letter to USDA Secretary Tom Vilsack today, to outline an eight-point alternative to the USDA's National Animal Identification System.

"R-Calf USA urges Congress and USDA to immediately and completely abandon the flawed National Animal Identification System," said Max Thornsberry, DVM, R-Calf president, who also chairs the group's animal-health committee. "Instead, we recommend that Congress and USDA focus on targeted solutions to the legitimate livestock disease-related challenges faced by U.S. livestock industries, and take steps to meaningfully address legitimate food-safety challenges, as are evidenced by recent and massive recalls of meat produced in U.S. slaughtering plants."

Many of the recommendations focus on beef issues, but also relay to other farm-animal species addressed under NAIS. R-Calf recommended the following:

  • Prevent the importation of serious cattle diseases and pests from foreign sources by:
    • Prohibiting the importation of livestock from any country that experiences outbreaks of serious zoonotic diseases, including pests, until scientific evidence demonstrates the diseases and/or pests have been eradicated or fully controlled and there is no known risk of further spread. This recommendation includes a request for an immediate ban on live-cattle imports from Canada, which harbor a heightened risk for BSE.
    • Requiring all imported livestock to be permanently and conspicuously branded with a mark of origin so identification can be made if a zoonotic disease or serious pest outbreak occurs in the exporting country subsequent to importation.
    • Requiring all livestock imported into the United States to meet health and safety standards identical to those established for the United States, including adherence to U.S. prohibitions against certain feed ingredients, pesticide use on feedstuffs, and certain livestock pharmaceuticals.
    • Requiring TB testing of all imported Mexican cattle and further requiring that all Mexican cattle remain quarantined in designated feedlots until slaughtered.
    • Reversing USDA's efforts to carve out regions within disease-affected foreign countries in order to facilitate imports from the affected country before the disease of concern is fully controlled or eradicated.
    • Increasing the testing of all imported meat and bone meal to prohibit contaminated feed from entering the United States.
  • Adopt the surveillance and identification components of the preexisting brucellosis program, including the metal eartag and tattoo that identifies the state-of-origin and the local veterinarian who applied the identification devices, and require breeding stock not otherwise identified through breed registries to be identified at the first point of ownership transfer.  
  • State and Tribal animal-health officials should be solely responsible for maintaining a statewide database for all metal tags applied within their respective jurisdictions and should continue to use the mailing address and/or the production unit identifier determined appropriate by the attending veterinarian to achieve traceback to the herd of origin should a disease event occur. Under no circumstances should the federal government maintain a national registry of U.S. livestock or require the national registration of producers' real property.
  • The federal government should enter into agreements with state and tribal animal-health officials to pay for the states' and tribal governments' costs of identifying breeding stock and maintaining the state and tribal databases, as well as bolstering disease surveillance at livestock collection points such as livestock auction yards and slaughtering plants, including increased surveillance for BSE.
  • The federal government should coordinate with the states and tribes to establish electronic interface standards and to improve communication protocols so it can more effectively coordinate with states and tribes in the event of a disease outbreak.
  • The federal government should coordinate with the states and tribes to establish improved protocols for the retention and searchable access of state and tribal health certificates, brand inspection documents and other documents used to facilitate interstate movement of livestock.
  • Establish specific disease programs and focus increased resources toward the eradication of diseased wildlife in States where wildlife populations are known to harbor communicable diseases.

To address the challenge of increased incidences of tainted meat products, Congress and USDA must substantially reform the current hands-off inspection system known as Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point. HACCP has fundamentally failed to ensure adequate sanitary practices at major slaughterhouse establishments.  As part of the HACCP reform, Congress should implement a requirement that meat sold at retail and at foodservice establishments be traceable back to the slaughterhouse that produced the meat from live animals, not just back to the processor that may have further processed tainted meat. This simple improvement would enable investigators to determine and address the actual source of meat contamination - primarily the unsanitary conditions that allow enteric-origin pathogens, such as E. coli O157:H7, to contaminate otherwise healthful meat.

View a copy of the letter to Vilsack
 
Source: Midwest AgNet