According to the USDA's latest "U.S. Hogs and Pigs report," United States inventory of all hogs and pigs on September 1, 2013 was 68.4 million head. This was up slightly from Sept. 1, 2012, and up 3 percent from June 1, 2013.
Breeding inventory, at 5.81 million head, was up slightly from last year, but down 1 percent from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 62.5 million head, was up slightly from last year, and up 3 percent from last quarter.
The June-August 2013 pig crop, at 30.2 million head, was up 2 percent from 2012. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.92 million head, down slightly from 2012. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 50 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was a record high 10.33 for the June-August period, compared to 10.13 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.80 for operations with 1- 99 hogs and pigs to 10.40 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.
United States hog producers intend to have 2.90 million sows farrow during the September-November 2013 quarter, up slightly from the actual farrowings during the same period in 2012, but down 1 percent from 2011. Intended farrowings for December-February 2014, at 2.87 million sows, are up 1 percent from 2013, and up slightly from 2012.
The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 46 percent of the total United States hog inventory, down from 47 percent last year.
All inventory and pig crop estimates for September 2012 through June 2013 were reviewed using final pig crop, official slaughter, death loss, and updated import and export data. Based on the findings of this review, an adjustment of one percent was made to the March 2013 total inventory. An adjustment of less than one half of one percent was made to the June 2013 total inventory. An adjustment of less than one and one half percent was made to the December-February 2013 pig crop.