Senator Debbie Stabenow, D- Mich., chairwoman of the Senate Agricultural Committee, has announced the committee’s proposal of the 2012 Farm Bill. The Committee Print reforms farm policy, consolidates and streamlines programs, and would reduce the deficit by $23 billion. The bill saves taxpayers money while strengthening initiatives that help farmers, ranchers and small business owners create American jobs, according to a Senate Ag Committee news release.

The proposed legislation accomplishes the following:

Eliminates direct payments while strengthening risk management

Farmers face unique risks unlike other businesses. Weather and market conditions outside a producer’s control can have devastating effects. A risk management system that helps producers stay in business through a few bad seasons ensures that Americans always have access to a safe and plentiful food supply. The proposal:  

  • Eliminates direct payments. Farmers will no longer be paid for crops they are not growing, will not be paid for acres that are not actually planted, and will not receive support absent a drop in price or yields.
  • Consolidates two remaining farm programs into one, and will give farmers the ability to tailor risk management coverage—meaning better protection against real risks beyond a farmer’s control.
  • Strengthens crop insurance and expands access so farmers are not wiped out by a few days of bad weather.

Consolidates and streamlines programs

By eliminating duplicative programs, funds are concentrated in the areas in which they will have the greatest impact, making them work better for producers. 

  • By ending duplication and consolidating programs, the bill eliminates dozens of programs under the Agriculture Committee’s jurisdiction.
  • For example, the bill consolidates 23 existing conservation programs into 13 programs, while maintaining the existing tools farmers and landowners need to protect and conserve land, water and wildlife.  

Improves program integrity and accountability 

At a time when many out-of-work Americans are in need for the first time in their lives, it is critical that every taxpayer dollar be spent responsibly and serves those truly struggling. By closing loopholes, tightening standards, and requiring greater transparency, the proposal increases efficiency and improves effectiveness.  

  • Increases accountability in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) by: 
    • Stopping lottery winners from continuing to receive assistance.
    • Ending misuse by college students.
    • Cracking down on retailers and recipients engaged in benefit trafficking.
    • Increasing requirements to prevent liquor and tobacco stores from becoming retailers.
    • Eliminating gaps in standards that result in overpayment of benefits.
  • The proposal maintains benefits for families in need.

Grows America’s agricultural economy

The proposal increases efficiency and accountability, saving tens of billions of dollars overall, while strengthening agricultural jobs initiatives by:

  • Expanding export opportunities and helping farmers develop new markets for their goods.
  • Investing in research to help commercialize new agricultural innovations.
  • Growing bio-based manufacturing (businesses producing goods in America from raw agricultural products grown in America) by allowing bio-manufacturers to participate in existing U.S. Department of Agriculture loan programs, expanding the BioPreferred labeling initiative, and strengthening a procurement preference so the U.S. government will select bio-based products when purchasing needed goods.
  • Spurring advancements in bio-energy production, supporting advanced biomass energy production such as cellulosic ethanol and pellets from woody biomass for power. 
  • Helping family farmers sell locally by increasing support for farmers’ markets and spurring the creation of food hubs to connect farmers to schools and other community-based consumers.
  • Extending rural development initiatives to help rural communities upgrade infrastructure and create an environment for small businesses to grow.

National Corn Growers Association (NCGA) President Garry Niemeyer released the following statement in response to Senate Agriculture Committee’s proposed 2012 farm bill legislation:

We greatly appreciate the work by Senate Agriculture Committee Chairwoman Stabenow and Ranking Member Pat Roberts, R-Kan., to put forth a well-crafted 2012 Farm Bill.  The NCGA is pleased to see the Committee listened to the concerns of our nation’s corn growers and have done a great job keeping our priorities under consideration while drafting the legislation. NCGA believes the Committee print is consistent with what our members have been advocating.”

“While we understand this is the first step in a very long process, we applaud the Senate Ag Committee for holding a markup and hope the House Agriculture Committee will swiftly follow suit.  We look forward to our continued work with members and staff on this important piece of legislation and urge Congress to pass a farm bill this year.”