This market update is a PorkNetwork weekly column reporting trends in weaner pig prices and swine facility availability.  All information contained in this update is for the week ended May 16, 2014.

Looking at November sales of hogs shows a weaner breakeven of $66.67, an increase of $3.04 per head. December lean hog futures were up $0.23 and feed costs were down $2.21 per head. The spread between the August and December futures contract widened by $3.13 this week to $31.90. Breakeven prices are based on closing futures prices on May 16, 2014 and the assumptions outlined below. The breakeven price is the estimated maximum price you could pay for a weaner pig and breakeven when selling the finished hog.

Margin over variable costs was $88.50 and refers to the revenue generated from raising a weaner pig that contribute to fixed costs and pig purchase costs. In other words, if the alternative is to idle facilities every dollar between the purchase price and margin over variable costs contributes toward covering those fixed costs such as facility, labor, utilities, property taxes and insurance.

For the Week Ended


Weekly Change

Weaner pig breakeven



Margin over variable costs



Pig purchase month

June, 2014

May, 2014

Live hog sale month

Nov, 2014

Nov, 2014

Lean hog futures



Lean hog basis/cwt



Weighted average sbm futures



Weighted average sbm basis



Weighted average corn futures



Weighted average corn basis



Nursery cost/space/yr



Finisher cost/space/yr



Feed costs per head



Assumed carcass weight



Note that the weaner pig profitability calculations provide weekly insight into the relative value of pigs based on assumptions that may not be reflective of your individual situation. In addition, these calculations don’t take into account market supply and demand dynamics for weaner pigs and space availability.

National Direct Delivered Feeder Pig Report

Cash traded weaner pig volume was below average with 11,100 head reported which is 36 percent of the 52 week average. Cash prices were $72.02 per head, down $6.73 from the previous week.


Weekly change

Cash sale weaner pig volume



Weighted average cash price/head



Cash low price/head



Cash high price/head



Graph 1 shows the seasonal trends of the weaner pig cash price. Cash weaner prices are down 21% since the high of late March.

The number of reported weaner pigs sold on a formula basis was 35,932 head at an average price of $45.65. That’s down $1.48 per head from the previous week.

Graph 2 shows the price difference between cash weaners and cash feeders. This weeks spread of $54.15 is the second highest since the beginning of 2011.

Graph 3 show the downward trend in reported volumes for cash weaners, contract weaners and cash feeders. The graph shows the average number of head sold over the previous 52 weeks. This average has decreased 35% for cash weaners since the beginning of 2012.

Ryan Cooney is general manager of ePigflow, an online market for weaner pigs, feeder pigs and facility spaces. You can find available pigs and facilities by visiting