After enduring the severe challenge to hog margins posed by the 2012 drought and record feed prices that followed, pork producers are more than ready for a much-needed return to profitability. While the past six months have undoubtedly been a severe test, the situation may be about to improve substantially.
“The U.S. pork industry is poised to have a very fine 2013,” says Joe Kerns, Kerns and Associates, Ames, Iowa. According to Kerns, the combination of input prices and revenues are setting up for what he expects will be a “potentially wonderful” 2013 for North American producers.
While Kerns believes input prices will remain a daunting factor in the new year, he also believes producers are still going to have an excellent year as they “stretch a ground-rule double into a triple.”
“The robust pork export opportunity awaiting our producers could carry the day,” Kerns says. His optimism is based on a shifting demand curve that may already be taking shape. And indeed, October 2012 pork exports (the latest available) seem to have set the stage. U.S. pork exports set new monthly records in October, according to statistics compiled by the U.S. Meat Export Federation, reaching 218,000 metric tons valued at $607 million. Export volume for the month also broke the previous monthly record set in November 2011.
“As long as the pork production community and U.S. law makers don’t do anything to thwart the effort, the United States will rule in pork exports through 2013,” Kerns predicts. High feed prices will drag down what otherwise would be record profits in 2013, he adds.
EU Gestation Stall Ban
Part of Kerns’ optimism on his outlook for U.S. pork exports is implementation of the European Union’s ban of sow gestation stalls that went into effect Jan. 1. He expects a 5 percent to 10 percent decline in 2013 EU sow numbers as a consequence of the ban as well as increased regulatory requirements in the world’s second-largest pork exporter after the United States. “I expect a solid 5 percent reduction in 2013 EU pork production.”
Kerns’ estimate of EU 2013 pork production is considerably lower than reported in a recent estimate by the USDA. The Livestock and Poultry: World Markets and Trade report forecasts EU pork production to ease by just 1 percent to 22.6 million tons as member countries cope with the ban on sow gestation crates. The report predicts that EU pork exports will actually grow in 2013 by 4 percent to a record 2.4 million tons.