New corn herbicides receive federal registration

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Four new herbicide products containing the new active ingredient pyroxasulfone have received federal registration and will be available for use on corn this spring in Kansas.

Pyroxasulfone, developed by Kumiai Chemical Industry Co., Ltd., inhibits long chain fatty acid development, killing the susceptible weed seedling before emergence. Like other chloroacetamide herbicides, pyroxasulfone is classified as a seedling growth inhibitor. Examples of other chloroacetamide seedling growth inhibitor products include acetachlor (Harness, Degree, TopNotch, Breakfree, Surpass, others), alachlor (Intrro, MicroTech, others), dimethenamid (Outlook, others), and S-metolachlor (Dual II Magnum, others). These products control weeds in a very similar manner as pyroxasulfone.

As a seedling growth inhibitor, pyroxasulfone must be activated by rainfall and absorbed by the root and shoot tissues before the weeds have emerged to be effective. The pyroxasulfone products provide residual, preemergence control of many small-seeded broadleaf and grassy weeds, along with some large-seeded broadleaf weeds, including velvetleaf. 

Pyroxasulfone products will provide excellent control of pigweed species including Palmer amaranth and waterhemp, Eastern black nightshade, and annual grasses including barnyardgrass, crabgrass, fall panicum, foxtails, witchgrass, and others. Additional broadleaf weeds that pyroxasulfone may control include marestail, kochia, common lambsquarters, morningglory, common ragweed, prickly sida, and others. This includes populations of the weeds listed above that are resistant to other herbicides, such as ALS-inhibitors, ACCase inhibitors, triazines, and glyphosate.

If any of these weeds has emerged at the time of application, pyroxasulfone will not control them. 

The products registered for corn include one with pyroxasulfone alone, and three premixed with other herbicides.

Zidua (BASF) -- pyroxasulfone

Zidua is the only product that contains pyroxasulfone only. It is now registered on corn, and at some future time it may be registered on soybeans, wheat, cotton and sunflower. Zidua can be applied in the fall, early preplant, preemergence, and early postemergence up to 4-leaf corn. It has no activity on emerged weeds when applied as an early postemergence, thus must be tankmixed with other effective herbicides to provide control of emerged weeds. 

  • Use rate: 1.5 to 4 oz product/ acre, 85% WG pyroxasulfone
  • Use preemergence at 1.5 to 2.75 oz/acre on coarse soils, 2.0 to 3.0 oz/acre on medium soils, and 2.5 to 4 oz/acre on fine-textured soils. Do not apply more than a total of 2.75 oz/acre on coarse soils and 5 oz/acre on medium- and fine-textured soils per crop season.
  • Controls grass and broadleaf weeds, including pigweeds. Has more activity on velvetleaf and morningglory than other chloroacetamides
  • Before applying to sweet corn, popcorn or inbred lines of seed corn, verify with seed company the response to Zidua to avoid potential crop injury.
  • Preharvest interval for sweet corn for human consumption is 37 days. 

Anthem (FMC) -- pyroxasulfone + fluthiacet-methyl 

Fluthiacet-methyl is the active ingredient in FMC’s Cadet. Anthem can be applied preplant, preemergence, or early postemergence to corn up to V4 corn. This product is expected to be registered in soybean at some future date. 

  • Rate: 8 to 11 fl oz product/acre (equivalent to 0.56 to 0.7 fl oz Cadet  + 2.4 to 3.4 oz  Zidua)

-- 8 fl oz on coarse soils, 8 to 10 fl oz on medium soils, and 10 to 11 fl oz on fine soils

  • Controls grass and broadleaf weeds, including pigweeds; however, if applied postemergence, only Cadet has activity. Cadet primarily provides control of emerged velvetleaf. Cadet does not have soil activity, thus the weed spectrum of Anthem is very similar to Zidua.
  • Compatible with liquid and dry fertilizers. 

Anthem ATZ (FMC) -- pyroxasulfone + fluthiacet-methyl + atrazine 

Anthem ATZ can also be applied preplant, preemergence, or early postemergence to corn to the V4 stage. This product will be limited to corn because it contains atrazine.

  •  Rate: 1.75 to 3 pt product/acre (equivalent 6.5 to 11 fl oz Anthem + 0.9 to 1.5 lb atrazine)

-- 1.75 to 2 pt on coarse soils, 2 to 2.5 pt on medium soils, and 2 to 3 pt on fine soils

  • Controls grass and broadleaf weeds, having broader spectrum of broadleaf weed species control than Anthem because of the addition of atrazine. Examples of increased control compared to Anthem would include improved morningglory, velvetleaf, common lambsquarters, and kochia. If applied postemergence to weeds, include crop oil concentrate, methylated seed oil, or a nonionic surfactant to enhance the foliar activity of the atrazine component.
  • Compatible with liquid and dry fertilizers.

Fierce (Valent) -- pyroxasulfone + flumioxazin 

Flumioxazin is the active ingredient in Valent’s Valor herbicide. Fierce is an early preplant herbicide. It may also eventually be registered for use on soybeans and cotton.

  •  Single use rate: 3 oz product/acre, 76% WDG

–        Flumioxazin 33.5% and pyroxasulfone 42.5%

  • Equivalent to 2 oz Valor SX   and 1.7 oz Zidua Must be applied 7 to 30 days early preplant to field corn in no-till or minimum-till, or 30 days preplant in conventional-till.
  • Do not use on soils with less than 1% organic matter unless an activation rainfall has occurred between application and planting.
  • Controls grass and broadleaf weeds, especially pigweeds, and provides enhanced control of velvetleaf, morningglory, common lambsquarters, and common ragweed compared to pyroxasulfone-alone products.
  • May be tank-mixed with several other herbicides to assist burndown activity. See tankmix partner labels for recommendations. 

We have tested pyroxasulfone products in corn at K-State. The results of some of our 2012 tests are in the three charts below.

Preemergence treatments for weed control in corn: Manhattan, 2012

 

 

Sunflower

Morningglory

Velvetleaf

Shattercane

Palmer amaranth

Giant foxtail

Treatment

Rate (product/acre)

% control 3 weeks after treatment

Anthem

8 oz

3

50

76

57

92

80

Anthem ATZ

2 pt

33

58

68

67

100

85

Zidua + atrazine

2.5 oz + 1 qt

20

62

77

81

97

92

Harness Xtra 5.6

3.2 pt

32

63

42

72

100

100

Verdict

15 oz

92

85

88

45

98

95

SureStart + atrazine

2.5 pt + 1 qt

83

57

80

78

98

97

Anthem + Balance Flexx

8 oz + 3 oz

15

62

88

82

93

82

Lumax

3 qt

55

63

90

73

98

93

LSD (0.05)

 

12

13

9

12

5

8

 

Early postemergence (V2) treatments for weed control in corn: Manhattan, 2012

 

 

Sunflower

Morningglory

Velvetleaf

Shattercane

Palmer amaranth

Giant foxtail

Treatment

Rate (product/acre)

% control 3 weeks after treatment

Warrant + Roundup Powermax + Impact + atrazine + MSO

3 pt + 22 oz + .75 oz + 1 pt + 0.5%

97

88

88

99

91

100

HalexGT + atrazine + NIS + AMS

3.6 pt + 1 pt + .25% + 8.5 lb

98

95

98

100

98

100

Roundup Powermax + Zidua + Armezon + atrazine + MSO + AMS

22 oz + 2.5 oz + 0.75 oz + 1 pt + 1% + 8.5 lb

98

96

93

100

100

95

Anthem + Roundup Powermax + AMS

8 oz + 22 oz + 8.5 lb

98

88

85

100

87

100

Anthem ATZ + Roundup Powermax + AMS

2 pt + 22 oz + 8.5 lb

100

93

88

100

95

97

LSD (0.05)

 

12

13

9

12

5

8

 

Control of glyphosate-resistant waterhemp, Ottawa, 2012

Treatment

Timing

Rate (product/acre)

% Control 26 days after treatment

Anthem

Preemergence

10 fl oz

100

Anthem ATZ

Preemergence

2.5 pt

99

Corvus + atrazine

Preemergence

5 fl oz + 2 pt

99

Verdict + atrazine

Preemergence

13 fl oz + 2 pt

100

Roundup Powermax + AMS

V4

22 fl oz + 8.5 lb

88

Roundup Powermax + Status + NIS + AMS

V4

22 oz + 5 oz + 0.25% + 8.5 lb

95

HalexGT + atrazine + NIS + AMS

V4

3.6 pt + 2 pt + 0.25% + 8.5 lb

100

Callisto + atrazine + COC + UAN

V4

3 fl oz + 2 pt + 1% + 3 pt

99

Impact/Armezon + atrazine + MSO + UAN

V4

0.75 fl oz + 2 pt + 1% + 3 pt

100

Laudis + atrazine + MSO + UAN

V4

3 fl oz + 2 pt + 1% + 3 pt

100

Liberty + AMS

V4

22 fl oz + 8.5 lb

86

LSD (0.05)

 

 

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